Feeding Your Axolotl: Can They Eat Earthworms?


Axolotls are fascinating creatures that have gained popularity as unconventional pets. Native to Mexico, these unique amphibians are known for their external gills and ability to regenerate lost body parts. As owners, it is essential to provide them with a well-balanced diet to ensure their proper growth and development. While pellets and frozen foods are commonly used, many axolotl enthusiasts wonder if earthworms can be part of their diet.

The Axolotl Diet

Axolotls are carnivorous and mainly feed on small aquatic animals, such as insects, brine shrimp, daphnia, bloodworms, and small fish. In the wild, their diet consists of a variety of live prey. As owners, it is crucial to mimic their natural diet in captivity to promote their overall health.

Benefits of Earthworms

Earthworms are considered an excellent addition to an axolotl’s diet for several reasons:

  • Nutritional Value: Earthworms are rich in protein, making them an excellent source of essential amino acids required for growth and tissue repair.
  • Digestibility: Axolotls can easily digest earthworms due to their soft bodies, which makes them a favorable food choice.
  • Enrichment: Feeding earthworms to axolotls allows them to exhibit natural hunting behaviors, which provides both physical and mental stimulation.

Precautions When Feeding Earthworms

Although axolotls can eat earthworms, there are a few precautions to keep in mind:

  • Size: Ensure that the earthworms are an appropriate size for your axolotl. Avoid feeding worms that are too large, as this may lead to choking or digestive issues.
  • Source: Only feed earthworms that are free from pesticides or chemicals. It is best to collect them from pesticide-free environments or purchase them from a reputable source.
  • Variety: While earthworms can be a beneficial part of their diet, it is vital to provide a varied and balanced diet for axolotls. Include other foods such as pellets and frozen/live aquatic organisms to ensure nutritional completeness.

Feeding Tips

When feeding earthworms to your axolotl:

  • Offer the earthworms using feeding tongs or a pair of blunt tweezers to avoid any accidental nipping of your axolotl’s delicate gills.
  • Ensure the earthworms are cut into appropriately sized pieces to prevent them from being too big to swallow.
  • Observe your axolotl while it feeds to make sure it eats the earthworms completely. Remove any uneaten portions from the tank promptly to maintain water quality.


Feeding your axolotl a varied diet is key to its health and vitality. Earthworms can serve as a nutritious supplement to their diet, providing essential proteins and a natural enrichment opportunity. However, it is important to ensure the worms are of an appropriate size, from a safe source, and that the overall diet is balanced. With proper consideration and care, earthworms can be a valuable addition to your axolotl’s feeding regimen.

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