Can Rabbits Safely Eat Catnip?


Rabbits are herbivorous animals that have a specialized digestive system for processing plant material. While rabbits primarily eat hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of fruit, it’s natural for owners to wonder if their furry companions can safely enjoy other plant-based treats. Catnip, a popular herb known for its effects on cats, is often found in households with feline pets. But can rabbits safely eat catnip? Let’s find out!

What is Catnip?

Catnip, scientifically known as Nepeta cataria, is a member of the mint family and is native to Europe and Asia. The plant’s leaves and stems contain a compound called nepetalactone, which triggers a unique behavioral response in some cats. When cats are exposed to catnip, they may exhibit behaviors such as rolling, rubbing, purring, and increased excitement.

Catnip and Rabbits

Rabbits, unlike cats, do not have the same response to catnip. The compounds in catnip that affect cats are not known to have any effect on rabbits. However, that does not necessarily mean that rabbits cannot safely consume catnip. In fact, many rabbits enjoy nibbling on catnip, both dried and fresh, without any harmful effects.

Potential Benefits

Feeding catnip to rabbits can have some potential benefits. Catnip leaves are rich in fiber, which is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive system in rabbits. It can also provide mental stimulation and enrichment for rabbits, especially if it is offered in interactive toys or as part of their playtime activities.

Precautions to Take

While catnip is generally safe for rabbits, it’s important to take some precautions:

  • Offer catnip as an occasional treat in small quantities.
  • Monitor your rabbit for any signs of allergies or adverse reactions, such as diarrhea or digestive upset.
  • If your rabbit has health issues or sensitivities, consult a veterinarian before introducing catnip into their diet.


In summary, while rabbits do not experience the same behavioral effects as cats, they can safely eat catnip in moderation. As with any new food, it’s vital to introduce it gradually and carefully observe your rabbit for any negative reactions. If in doubt, always consult with a veterinarian who can provide tailored advice based on your rabbit’s specific needs.

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