Can Ducks Eat Scratch Grains? Everything You Need to Know


Ducks are delightful creatures that make great pets and provide entertainment with their playful nature. Whether you are raising ducks on a farm or have a few as backyard pets, it is important to provide them with a nutritious diet to keep them healthy and happy.

What are Scratch Grains?

Scratch grains are a popular feed option for various types of poultry, including chickens and ducks. They are a combination of different grains like corn, wheat, barley, and oats mixed together. Scratch grains are generally larger in size and possess a harder texture than regular poultry feeds.

Can Ducks Eat Scratch Grains?

Yes, ducks can eat scratch grains, but it should not be their primary source of nutrition. Ducks require a balanced diet that includes a variety of feeds to meet their nutritional needs. Scratch grains can be considered as a tasty treat or supplementary feed for ducks.

Pros of Feeding Ducks Scratch Grains

– Enrichment: Ducks enjoy pecking and foraging for food. Scratch grains offer mental stimulation and enrichment as they hunt for the individual grains.

– Energy Boost: Scratch grains are high in carbohydrates, which provide ducks with instant energy. This can be particularly beneficial during colder months when ducks need more energy to keep warm.

– Cost-effective: Scratch grains are generally less expensive compared to other specialized feeds. They can be a cost-effective option for supplementing your ducks’ diet.

Cons of Feeding Ducks Scratch Grains

– Nutritional Imbalance: Scratch grains alone do not provide a balanced diet for ducks. They lack sufficient protein and essential vitamins and minerals that ducks require for overall health and development.

– Weight Gain: Scratch grains are calorie-dense and can contribute to weight gain if fed in excess. Overweight ducks are prone to various health issues.

– Nutritional Deficiencies: An exclusive diet of scratch grains can lead to nutritional deficiencies, affecting the ducks’ reproductive health, feather quality, and overall immune system.

Feeding Guidelines

– Treat Proportion: Scratch grains should comprise no more than 10% of a duck’s daily diet. This ensures they receive adequate nutrition from other feeds.

– Balanced Diet: Ducks require a well-rounded diet, including poultry pellets or crumbles containing protein, essential vitamins, and minerals, along with fresh vegetables, leafy greens, and clean water.

– Moderation: Avoid excessive feeding of scratch grains to limit weight gain and nutritional imbalances.


While ducks can enjoy the occasional treat of scratch grains, it should not be a staple part of their diet. A balanced and nutrient-rich diet is essential for the overall health, growth, and longevity of ducks. Consult with a poultry nutrition expert or veterinarian to ensure you meet your ducks’ dietary requirements effectively.

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